What are the Fitness Components


These are very useful especially in Fitness centers, Gyms, and Sports Academies. The said term is a repeatedly used term in Physical Education. According to this fitness, components are used in all sort of Schools, Gyms, and Sports as testers to examine how fit truly we are in physic and mentality.

There are large number of Fitness components.

Here are some important ones.

  1. Body Composition
  2. Cardiovascular endurance
  3. Muscular endurance
  4. Flexibility
  5. Muscular Strength
  6. Agility
  7. Coordination
  8. Balance
  9. Reaction Time
  10. Power
  11. Speed

 Concise overview on Fitness Components:

  1. Body Composition

In the world of Fitness, the body composition means the overall weight and size of person and the proportion of that weight made up of fat, muscle, bones and organs.

  • Cardiovascular Endurance

The ability of heart and lungs to work at same time and same pace to fulfil the need of oxygen after a continued amount of work. Few Examples of cardiovascular endurance training are Cycling, Jogging, Running, Swimming, Hiking and playing several sports like, Cricket, Badminton, Volleyball, Football and so on.

  • Muscular Endurance

The ability of continuous work of Muscles without feeling fatigue is known as Muscular Endurance. Examples for this are very much same in nature like Gymnasium machines  or may be same sometime as cycling, running, jogging, Playing several games/Sports.

  • Flexibility

It is related to the joints, the ability of joints of functional movement accordingly to the available domain of motion for a specific joint.

To check the flexibility siting and reaching are the suitable tests.

  • Muscular Strength

Muscular strength is defined as the maximum volume of force that a muscle can wield against some form of opposition in a single effort. This is opposite of Muscular endurance. Every action of us is full of Muscular strength. Like Self lifting from chair, picking up or throwing any object possess muscular strength.

  • Agility

It is ability to move quick, change body direction, response fast and effectively with control and balanced speed. We can also say the ability to understand rapidly. It’s a key component of sports, gaming, physical activities and physical like activities. In every type of game or sports you must have to understand the move of the opponents in order to coordinate a quicker and balanced response to tackle the opponent in order to win the match or game. In many games like football, Volleyball, hockey, cricket you need to be agile for the win.

There are number of agility tests to examine the agility and, numerous ways too, to improve the agility.

  • Coordination

Capability of moving two or more than two body parts or using them at the same time is called coordination. For example: While playing darts game we create coordination between eyes (while aiming at the aim) and hand (while throwing dart). If a person has strong coordination ability he will directly hit the aim with one attempt. The use of this word is very common and important to all human beings at every walk of life. The word has a large domain in management sciences too. There are many coordination test types. Like, Wall-Toss Test, Soda Pop Test, Stick Flip Coordination Test, Block Transfer Test, Minnesota Rate of Manipulation Test. Manual dexterity tests, or test of hand-eye coordination also fall into this category.

  • Balance

Ability to remain in control of the body movement. There are two types of balance, Dynamic and Static. While moving maintaining equilibrium is known as dynamic balance. And maintaining equilibrium at static position is termed as static balance. Like coordination it is also key component for sports to win. There are three main types for tests of balance, Standing Balance, Walking Balance, Dynamic Balance.

  • Reaction Time

  It is the ability to respond quickly to the stimulus as fast as possible. There are number of exercises and sports to improve the reaction time. Few of the sports and exercises are listed below.





                             Table Tennis


                             Basket Ball

                             Motor Sports




Cognitive training: It is essential tool especially for sportsperson and Athletes to improve their speed, quickness or reaction time.


 There are many drills and exercises to improve quickness or reaction time.

Some are mentioned below;

                             Ball Drop Drill

                             Reactive Gear Drill

                             Reactive Sprint and Backpedal Drill

                             Shuffle Reaction Ball Drill

                             Wave Drill, and so on.

  1. Power:

The ability of muscles to apply maximum forces with no time. Power is the key component for every activity we dealt with, as this is the outcome of force applied by the muscular units. Power plays main role in sports and exercises.

  1. Speed:

The ability to lower the time for a repeated action or movement. This component of fitness is very much important in sports, exercises and even in your daily life.


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